LAHORE: The 80th death anniversary of poet and philosopher Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal is being observed today. Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877. He additionally recognized as national writer, and called Muffakir-e-Pakistan, Shair-e-Mashriq and Hakeemul Ummat and is attributable with sparking the pan-Islamic thought among Muslims of the landmass.
Muhammad Iqbal known as Allama Iqbal was a poet, philosopher, and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is called the “Spiritual Father of Pakistan.” He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature with literary work in both Urdu and Persian.
The Shair-e-Mashriq is considered to be one of the most important figures in South Asian literature, with works in both Urdu and Persian. He is additionally thought of one amongst the foremost necessary figures in literature with literary works in each Urdu and Persian languages. Asrar-e-Khudi, Payam-i-Mashriq, Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i Kalim and Armughan-e-Hijaz were amongst his best works. An advocate of Muslim rights, championing his ideas with pen and revolutionary concepts, Iqbal’s word and work are still quite relevant in the present day.
Iqbal is admired as a prominent poet by Indians, Pakistanis, Iranians and other international scholars of literature. Though Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet, he is also a highly acclaimed “Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times”.His first poetry book, The Secrets of the Self, appeared in the Persian language in 1915, and other books of poetry include The Secrets of Selflessness, Message from the East and Persian Psalms. Amongst these, his best known Urdu works are The Call of the Marching Bell, Gabriel’s Wing, The Rod of Moses and a part of Gift from Hijaz. Along with his Urdu and Persian poetry, his Urdu and English lectures and letters have been very influential in cultural, social, religious and political disputes. Some of his best works comprise Asrar-e-Khudi, Payam-i-Mashriq, Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i Kalim and Armughan-e-Hijaz.
In 1923, he was knighted by King George V,granting him the title “Sir”. While studying law and philosophy in England, Iqbal became a member of the London branch of the All-India Muslim League. Later, during the League’s December 1930 session, he delivered his most famous presidential speech known as the Allahabad Address in which he pushed for the creation of a Muslim state in northwest India.
Various social, political and cultural organizations can hold special programmes to pay court to the writer. He kicked the bucket in Lahore on April twenty one, 1938.
In much of South Asia and the Urdu-speaking world, Iqbal is regarded as the Shair-e-Mashriq (Urdu: شاعر مشرق, “Poet of the East”).He is also called Mufakkir-e-Pakistan (Urdu: مفکر پاکستان, “The Thinker of Pakistan”), Musawar-e-Pakistan (Urdu: مصور پاکستان, “Artist of Pakistan”) and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (Urdu: حکیم الامت, “The Sage of the Ummah”). The Pakistan government officially named him “National Poet of Pakistan”. His birthday Yōm-e Welādat-e Muḥammad Iqbāl (Urdu: یوم ولادت محمد اقبال), or Iqbal Day, is a public holiday in Pakistan.
Dayar-e-Ishq Mein Apna Muqam Paida Kar
Naya Zamana Naye Subh-o-Sham Paida Kar
Iqbal’s house is still located in Sialkot and is recognized as Iqbal’s Manzil and is open for visitors. His other house where he lived most of his life and died is in Lahore, named as Javed Manzil.( “Javed Manzil”. The museum is located on Allama Iqbal Road near Lahore Railway Station, Punjab, Pakistan. It was protected under the Punjab Antiquities Act of 1975, and declared a Pakistani national monument in 1977