Lahore:The 136th birth anniversary of poet philosopher Dr. Allama Mohammad Iqbal is being celebrated on Saturday 9th November 2013. Allama Iqbal envisioned the idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims of subcontinent which led to the formation of Pakistan.The nation is celebrating the day with devotion to pay homage to the great poet philosopher and to emphasize his achievements.
The events of the day include change of guards’ ceremony at Mazar-e-Iqbal in Lahore.Allama Muhammad Iqbal is known as a poet and philosopher, but he was also a jurist, a politician, a social reformer, and a great Islamic scholar. Sir Muhammad Iqbal is known as Allama Iqbal. Allama Iqbal is great Muslim poet.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal
Allama Iqbal was a great poet and philosopher. He was born at Sialkot in 1877. He received his early education in the traditional maktab. Later he joined the Sialkot Mission School, from where he passed his matriculation examination.He obtained his Bachelor of Arts Degree from Government College Lahore in 1897. Two years later, he secured his Masters Degree and was appointed in the Oriental College, Lahore, as a lecturer of history, philosophy and English. He later proceeded to Europe for higher studies. After studying in Cambridge, Munich and Heidelberg, Iqbal established a law practice, but concentrated primarily on writing scholarly works on politics, economics, ishi history, philosophy and religion.
He returned to India in 1908. Besides teaching and practicing law, Iqbal continued to write poetry. He is best known for his poetic works, including Asrar-e-Khudi—for which he was knighted— Rumuz-e-Bekhudi, and the Bang-e-Dara, with its enduring patriotic song Tarana-e-Hind. In India, he is widely regarded for the patriotic song, Saare Jahan Se Achcha.
By 1928, his reputation as a great Muslim philosopher was solidly established and he was invited to deliver lectures at Hyderabad, Aligarh and Madras. These series of lectures were later published as a book “The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam”. In 1930, Iqbal was invited to preside over the open session of the Muslim League at Allahabad. In his historic Allahabad Address, Iqbal visualized an independent and sovereign state for the Muslims of North-Western India. In 1932, Iqbal came to England as a Muslim delegate to the Third Round Table Conference.
In later years, when the Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah had left India and was residing in England, Allama Iqbal wrote to him conveying to him his personal views on political problems and state of affairs of the Indian Muslims, and also persuading him to come back. These letters are dated from June 1936 to November 1937. This series of correspondence is now a part of important historic documents concerning Pakistan’s struggle for freedom.
Iqbal was a strong proponent of the political and spiritual revival of Islamic civilisation across the world, but specifically in South Asia; a series of famous lectures he delivered to this effect were published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. One of the most prominent leaders of the All India Muslim League, Iqbal encouraged the creation of a “state in northwestern India for Muslims” in his 1930 presidential address. He encouraged and worked closely with Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and he is known as Muffakir-e-Pakistan (“The Thinker of Pakistan”), Shair-e-Mashriq (“The Poet of the East”), and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (“The Sage of Ummah”). He is officially recognized as the national poet of Pakistan.
On April 21, 1938, the great Muslim poet-philosopher and champion of the Muslim cause, passed away. He lies buried next to the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.